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Megara Iblea

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Megara Iblea

Megara Iblea

Megara Iblea
Megara Iblea
megara_scavi
megara_scavi
Megara Hyblaea, necropoli
Megara Hyblaea, necropoli
Megara Iblea Mappa MegaraOne of the most powerful Greek colonies of Sicily. It was founded in 729 BC by colonists originating from Greek Megara Nisea and led by the ecista (commander-founder) Lamis.

When they arrived, they were greeted by King Hyblon, who preferred to mollycoddle rather than defend his city. The Greeks were grateful for this and gave the city a double name: Megara like the Greek city from which they originated and Ibla like the Siculi King that they found. Not long after, Megara became one of the most powerful Siceliot cities (Greeks of Sicily).  According to Thucydides, Selinunte was founded in the mid-seventh century BC, by the Megarian people.
Megara IblaDuring the Second Punic War (214-212 BC) it stood behind the Syracusans and for this reason the consul Marcellus destroyed it.

The city now looks exactly as it once did, certainly the city plan, (not the buildings), somehow having been preserved by a constant (and almost inexplicable, given the location) isolation of the site. In recent decades, Megara has been literally surrounded by an industrial area and besides lending a special charm to the area, it has really been put in a glass case and thus protected.

One enters the area from the north side and begins to walk by the very beautiful ruins of the city with the roads virtually intact.

 

megara gnaiou modiou
Near the sea, one can see impressive ruins including the Agorà, the urban structure, and the remains of the walls, houses, temples… a walk in the ancient city near the Siceliot sea which looks out towards Greece. Of great impact, in the western side, the city wall. Just close to this, on the southern side, is a beautiful house with a mosaic floor that even now has the owner’s name engraved in it, Gnaiou Modiou.

 

Megara Iblea vista dall'alto

In the Agorà, in the north-east corner, is a little Hellenistic sanctuary preceded by two altars. Inside are some clay tubs and circular slabs of lava for cult worship. Also in the Agorà are the remains of two stoa (porticos): from the Archaic period (7th century BC) and the subsequent Hellenistic.

Here are the baths, with mosaics and traces of the galleries where the water was heated.

Flanking the spa is a gym with different rooms. There are many columns here of which those in the sanctuary are beautifully worked.

On the southern edge of the city are the ruins of a gate adjacent to the road that led to Syracuse.

 

Megara Hyblaea, necropoliThe city was surrounded, on its outside perimeter, by many necropolis. A few of these tombs are visible on the western part outside the wall. Wonderful artifacts have been found which were moved, principally, to the Archeological Museum of Syracuse.

Some of the masterpieces include, the “Kourotrophos”, the arcaic statue in limestone called “Dea Madre” (Mother Goddess) on the throne (6th century BC), breastfeeding the twins on her lap; the marble torso of a youth, kouros, on which still bears the inscription, Greek writing on the thigh, in Doric style; and a particular theatrical mask from the 6th century BC.

 

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